This October, the U.S. Department of Education released the brief report "Degrees of Debt." The report compares the effects of student debt on three cohorts of students who received a bachelor's degree over a 15-year period, and has some interesting – and in one case surprising – findings.
The three cohorts examined in the report graduated in 1992-1993, 1999-2000 and 2007-2008. The 2007-2008 cohort graduated during the Great Recession, which may influence some of the numbers.
The report looks at each of the cohorts a year after graduation and compares their student loan borrowing; their ability to repay their loans; and the relationship between their student debt and the likelihood of going to graduate school and of living with their parents.